AI driven Orthodontic Devices: Independent Tooth Movers (ITM)

Published:January 17, 2023DOI:


      The impact of digital revolution is undeniable in almost all aspects of our life including orthodontics. Is the impact of the artificial intelligence (AI) revolution the same? This article claims that AI will similarly have a huge impact on almost everything in the coming years including orthodontic devices. In this paper the potential for usage of AI in different orthodontic devices and particularly in Independent Movers is compared.


      To read this article in full you will need to make a payment

      Purchase one-time access:

      Academic & Personal: 24 hour online accessCorporate R&D Professionals: 24 hour online access
      One-time access price info
      • For academic or personal research use, select 'Academic and Personal'
      • For corporate R&D use, select 'Corporate R&D Professionals'


      Subscribe to Seminars in Orthodontics
      Already a print subscriber? Claim online access
      Already an online subscriber? Sign in
      Institutional Access: Sign in to ScienceDirect


      1. Amato, Giuseppe, Malte Behrmann, Frédéric Bimbot, Baptiste Caramiaux, Fabrizio Falchi, Ander Garcia, Joost Geurts et al. "AI in the media and creative industries." arXiv preprint arXiv:1905.04175 (2019).

      2. Amberkar, Aditya, Parikshit Awasarmol, Gaurav Deshmukh, and Piyush Dave. "Speech recognition using recurrent neural networks." In 2018 international conference on current trends towards converging technologies (ICCTCT), pp. 1-4. IEEE, 2018.

        • Hong Joo-Wha
        • Cruz Ignacio
        • Williams Dmitri
        AI, you can drive my car: How we evaluate human drivers vs. self-driving cars.
        Computers in Human Behavior. 2021; 125106944
        • Hodson Richard.
        Digital revolution.
        Nature. 2018; 563: S131
        • Vaid Nikhilesh R.
        Digital technologies in orthodontics–An update.
        Seminars in Orthodontics. 24. Elsevier, 2018: 373-375
        • Benjamens Stan
        • Dhunnoo Pranavsingh
        • Meskó Bertalan
        The state of artificial intelligence-based FDA-approved medical devices and algorithms: an online database.
        NPJ digital medicine. 2020; 3: 1-8
        • Kunz Felix
        • Stellzig-Eisenhauer Angelika
        • Zeman Florian
        • Boldt Julian
        Artificial intelligence in orthodontics.
        Journal of Orofacial Orthopedics/Fortschritte der Kieferorthopädie. 2020; 81: 52-68
        • Bichu Yashodhan M.
        • Hansa Ismaeel
        • Bichu Aditi Y.
        • Premjani Pratik
        • Flores-Mir Carlos
        • Vaid Nikhilesh R.
        Applications of artificial intelligence and machine learning in orthodontics: a scoping review.
        Progress in orthodontics. 2021; 22: 1-11
        • Adel Samar
        • Zaher Abbas
        • Harouni Nadia El
        • Venugopal Adith
        • Premjani Pratik
        • Vaid Nikhilesh
        Robotic applications in orthodontics: Changing the face of contemporary clinical care.
        BioMed research international. 2021; : 2021
        • Hansa Ismaeel
        • Katyal Vandana
        • Semaan Steven J.
        • Coyne Rhonda
        • Vaid Nikhilesh R.
        Artificial Intelligence Driven Remote Monitoring of orthodontic patients: clinical applicability and rationale.
        Seminars in Orthodontics. 27. WB Saunders, 2021: 138-156
        • Roh Yuji
        • Heo Geon
        • Whang Steven Euijong
        A survey on data collection for machine learning: a big data-ai integration perspective.
        IEEE Transactions on Knowledge and Data Engineering. 2019; 33: 1328-1347
      3. C. Weyerer, Jan, and Paul F. Langer. "Garbage in, garbage out: The vicious cycle of ai-based discrimination in the public sector." In Proceedings of the 20th Annual International Conference on Digital Government Research, pp. 509-511. 2019.

        • Haouili Nada
        • Kravitz Neal D.
        • Vaid Nikhilesh R.
        • Ferguson Donald J.
        • Makki Laith
        Has Invisalign improved? A prospective follow-up study on the efficacy of tooth movement with Invisalign.
        American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics. 2020; 158: 420-425
        • Charalampakis Orfeas
        • Iliadi Anna
        • Ueno Hiroshi
        • Oliver Donald R.
        • Kim Ki Beom
        Accuracy of clear aligners: A retrospective study of patients who needed refinement.
        American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics. 2018; 154: 47-54
        • Burrow S.Jack
        Friction and resistance to sliding in orthodontics: a critical review.
        American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics. 2009; 135: 442-447
        • Sebanc John
        • Brantley William A.
        • Pincsak John J.
        • Conover John P.
        Variability of effective root torque as a function of edge bevel on orthodontic arch wires.
        American journal of orthodontics. 1984; 86: 43-51
        • Joch Astrid
        • Pichelmayer Margit
        • Weiland Frank
        Bracket slot and archwire dimensions: manufacturing precision and third order clearance.
        Journal of orthodontics. 2010; 37: 241-249
        • Pacheco Mariana Ribeiro
        • Jansen Wellington Corrêa
        • Oliveira Dauro Douglas
        The role of friction in orthodontics.
        Dental Press Journal of Orthodontics. 2012; 17: 170-177
        • Sherief Dalia I.
        • Abbas Noha H.
        The effect of food simulating liquids on the static frictional forces and corrosion activity of different types of orthodontic wires.
        Journal of the World Federation of Orthodontists. 2017; 6: 165-170
        • Schubert Anne
        • Jäger Fabian
        • Maltha Jaap C.
        • Bartzela Theodosia N.
        Age effect on orthodontic tooth movement rate and the composition of gingival crevicular fluid.
        Journal of Orofacial Orthopedics/Fortschritte der Kieferorthopädie. 2020; 81: 113-125
        • Dudic Alexander
        • Giannopoulou Catherine
        • Kiliaridis Stavros
        Factors related to the rate of orthodontically induced tooth movement.
        American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics. 2013; 143: 616-621
        • Chisari Justin R.
        • McGorray Susan P.
        • Nair Madhu
        • Wheeler Timothy T.
        Variables affecting orthodontic tooth movement with clear aligners.
        American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics. 2014; 145: S82-S91
        • Seifi Massoud
        • Ezzati Baharak
        • Saedi Sara
        • Hedayati Mehdi
        The effect of ovariectomy and orchiectomy on orthodontic tooth movement and root resorption in Wistar rats.
        Journal of Dentistry. 2015; 16: 302
        • Alikhani Mani
        • Chou Michelle Y.
        • Khoo Edmund
        • Alansari Sarah
        • Kwal Rachel
        • Elfersi Tali
        • Almansour Abdullah
        • et al.
        Age-dependent biologic response to orthodontic forces.
        American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics. 2018; 153: 632-644