The field of orthodontics faced a few fundamental pivots since 1800. Edward Angle introduced a systematic approach to treating patients in 1899. Between 1920 and 2000, development of new orthodontic appliances as well as improvements in orthodontics education reshaped orthodontics. Digital technology has changed how orthodontists treat malocclusions in the last two decades. Specifically, advances in digital orthodontics introduced a paradigm shift in lingual orthodontics attracting more orthodontists especially recently graduated practitioners to offer lingual appliances. This review aimed to point out some of important biomechanical factors in lingual orthodontics and to delineate commonalities and contrasts of these factors in clear aligners and labial systems. Highlights of two work in-progress lingual systems were also discussed. One can reason that better understanding of the advantages and challenges associated with lingual systems especially in comparison to clear aligners and labial systems is essential to creating a fully customized orthodontic experience for patients.
To read this article in full you will need to make a payment
Purchase one-time access:Academic & Personal: 24 hour online accessCorporate R&D Professionals: 24 hour online access
One-time access price info
- For academic or personal research use, select 'Academic and Personal'
- For corporate R&D use, select 'Corporate R&D Professionals'
Subscribe:Subscribe to Seminars in Orthodontics
Already a print subscriber? Claim online access
Already an online subscriber? Sign in
Register: Create an account
Institutional Access: Sign in to ScienceDirect
- Lingual orthodontics: the future.Semin Orthod. 2006; 12: 211-214
- Begg Orthodontic Theory and Technique.WB Saunders, Philadelphia1977
- Properties of superelastic wires and their relevance to orthodontic treatment.Eur J Orthod. 1995; 17: 395-402
- The straight-wire concept in lingual orthodontics.J Clin Orthod: JCO. 2001; 35: 46-52
- A comparative evaluation of different compensating curves in the lingual and labial techniques using 3D FEM.Am J Orthod Dentofac Orthop. 2003; 123: 441-450
- Relative wire stiffness due to lingual versus labial interbracket distance.Am J Orthod Dentofac Orthop. 1987; 92: 24-32
- Customized brackets and archwires for lingual orthodontic treatment.Am J Orthod Dentofac Orthop. 2003; 124: 593-599
- Effects of T-loop geometry on its forces and moments.Angle Orthod. 2000; 70: 48-51
- Comparative assessment of the efficacy of closed helical loop and T-loop for space closure in lingual orthodontics—a finite element study.Prog Orthod. 2018; 19: 14
- An evaluation of slot size in orthodontic brackets—are standards as expected?.Angle Orthod. 2004; 74: 450-453
- Comparative analysis of slot dimension in lingual bracket systems.Head Face Med. 2009; 5 (December): 27
- Lingual straightwire treatment with the Orapix system.J Clin Orthod. 2011; 45 (quiz 515): 488-497
- Lingual orthodontics: a status report. Part 4: diagnosis and treatment planning.J Clin Orthod. 1983; 17: 26-35
Published online: August 27, 2018
© 2018 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.