Research Article| Volume 20, ISSUE 2, P128-132, June 2014

Download started.


Age-appropriate orthodontic treatment and orthodontic risk management concerns for the pediatric dentist and orthodontist

      The dental provider, regardless of specialty, who chooses to refer or treat young patients with developing malocclusions should appreciate the various risk management concerns that accompany “early orthodontic treatment” of any patient. Procedural protocols including records acquisition, the development of an adequate diagnosis, and the formulation and execution of an appropriate treatment plan that addresses the diagnostic findings, along with the various types of communications between the clinician, parents, referring and/or primary care dentist, form the core of the ethical and legal obligation to obtain “informed consent” from the patient’s health care decision maker. Performing a risk/benefit analysis and the use of evidence-based data are the elements required to support clinical treatment recommendations prior to their initiation.
      To read this article in full you will need to make a payment

      Purchase one-time access:

      Academic & Personal: 24 hour online accessCorporate R&D Professionals: 24 hour online access
      One-time access price info
      • For academic or personal research use, select 'Academic and Personal'
      • For corporate R&D use, select 'Corporate R&D Professionals'


      Subscribe to Seminars in Orthodontics
      Already a print subscriber? Claim online access
      Already an online subscriber? Sign in
      Institutional Access: Sign in to ScienceDirect


        • Ericson S.
        • Kurol J.
        Resorption of incisors after ectopic eruption of maxillary canines: a CT study.
        Angle Orthod. 2000; 70: 415-423
        • Ericson S.
        • Kurol J.
        Incisor root resorptions due to ectopic maxillary canines imaged by computerized tomography: a comparative study in extracted teeth.
        Angle Orthod. 2000; 70: 276-283
        • Shapira Y.
        • Kuftinec M.
        Early diagnosis and interception of potential maxillary canine impaction.
        J Am Dent Assoc. 1998; 129: 1450-1454
        • Bonetti A.
        • et al.
        Double vs. single primary teeth extraction approach as prevention of permanent maxillary canines ectopic eruption.
        Pediatr Dent. 2010; 32: 407-412
        • Bonetti A.
        • et al.
        Preventive treatment of ectopically erupting maxillary permanent canines by extraction of deciduous canines and first lars: a randomized clinical trial.
        Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop. 2011; 139: 316-323
        • Leonardi M.
        • Armi P.
        • Franchi L.
        • Baccetti T.
        Two interceptive approaches to palatally displaced canines: a prospective longitudinal study.
        Angle Orthod. 2004; 74: 581-586
        • Baccetti T.
        • et al.
        Interceptive treatment of palatal impaction of maxillary canines with rapid maxillary expansion: a ramdomized clinical trial.
        Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop. 2009; 136: 657-661
        • Moskowitz Elliott
        • Garcia R.
        • et al.
        Ectopic maxillary canines: an opportunity for interception of potential maxillary canine impaction.
        Orthod Pract. 2011; 2: 12-16